Badania geochemiczne w ocenie stanu środowiska na wybranych przykładach z Gór Świętokrzyskich. Geochemical studies in the environmental quality assessment based on the selected examples from the Świętokrzyskie Mountains (south - central Poland).

Zdzisław M. Migaszewski

Abstrakt


Environmental geochemistry is the study on the cycling, as well as spatial and temporal distribution of elements and their isotopes in the Earth’s outermost layers. Unlike biochemistry, the study of biogeochemistry represents perhaps a more holistic approach to deal with interactions between living organisms and environmental abiotic systems. These two disciplines of geosciences describe the environment and dynamic processes that take place in it. They help us to better understand all the potential hazards that can jeopardize a fragile nature balance. This report summarizes some of the case studies conducted in the Świętokrzyskie Mountains since 1994. They included: (1) Baseline concentrations of elements and organics (PAHs, phenols, PCBs, chlorinated pesticides) in rocks, soils, spring waters, pine needles and bark, lichens, mosses in the Świętokrzyski National Park using a “barbell“ ANOVA study design; (2) Geochemical interactions between rocks, soils, waters and some plant bioindicators at selected plots; (3) Geochemical background and natural (geogenic) pollution sources, (4) Concentrations of Cd in leaves and twigs of Salix viminalis in the Świętokrzyskie Mountains and S. glauca in Alaska (USA) in close collaboration with the U.S.Geological Survey, Denver; (5) Chemistry and quality of surface and spring waters. Multidisciplinary character and holistic approach of geochemistry to different problems of the environment determine the development of this study, linking geosciences with biological and medical sciences.

Słowa kluczowe


environmental geochemistry, biogeochemistry, Świętokrzyskie Mountains, Poland, geochemia środowiska, biogeochemia, Góry Świętokrzyskie, Polska

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