Four dimensions of landscape in mountainous areas

Jarosław Balon


This paper argues that landscape, as the prime study object of landscape ecology, should be perceived and investigated in its four dimensions. The author focuses on certain methodological issues encountered when adopting this approach in mountain landscapes. These arise both from the greater complexity of mountain landscapes as compared to lowland landscapes and a difficulty in displaying a highly varied reality on a two-dimensional map. Additionally, the higher intensity of mountain processes results in extreme phenomena that add to the complexity of study of mountain landscape.

Słowa kluczowe

landscape, dimension, mountainous areas, landscape structure, vertical zonality

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