Wyzwania zarządzania systemami krajobrazowymi w Polsce

Tadeusz Chmielewski


The challenges of landscape systems management in Poland

Landscape is an extensive spatial system comprising three mutually related hierarchical systems:(a) abiotic, composed of geocomplexes; (b) biotic, organised in populations and biocenoses remaining in closerelations with their habitats, as a result of which ecosystems and phytocenoses are formed; (c) anthropogenic,comprising landscape elements created or transformed by man. The system transforms matter and energy and hasmulti-sensory effects on living organisms which are its elements. The visual effect of coexistence of all elements ofthe system within a given area is the specific landscape physiognomy.The management of such a complex system requires extensive interdisciplinary knowledge, efficient organisationand effective executive instruments. The management of landscape systems comprises five cyclic stages:diagnosis, planning, decision making, realization of investments, and control.The paper presents the problems of landscape systems management in Poland – a country with significant, onthe European scale, biological and landscape diversity, but at the same time with highly intense processes ofchaotic urbanisation. Improvement of the methods of landscape systems management is one of the fundamentalchallenges of sustainable development.

Słowa kluczowe

Systemy krajobrazowe, zarządzanie krajobrazem, Europejska Konwencja Krajobrazowa, Polska

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