Monitoring stosunków wodnych w przekształconym krajobrazie strefy przygranicznej

Alfred Dubicki, Mariusz Adynkiewicz-Piragas, Iwona Zdralewicz


The water conditions monitoring in transformed landscape of Polish-German borderland The lignite opencast exploitation has a strongly influence on the Polish-German landscape on both sides of the border. The open pit mining negatively affects almost all elements of the natural environment and among other things indeed changes the environment of surface and groundwater in the region of exploitation. On water conditions within Nysa Łużycka basin have influence also now being at work lignite open pits (Turów, Jänschwalde, Reichwalde, Nochten), and at present reclaimed Berzdorf post-exploitation pit. The influence of such type objects has a transborder character, therefore the monitoring of the water environment has been realising for many years. The need for the water conditions monitoring, which purpose is too guarantee rational water management, was indicated by Polish-German Border Water Committee. Monitoring surface water network consists of water level sites of Polish National Hydrological and Meteorological Service and sites installed especially for transboundary cooperation purposes. Groundwater level measurements are established in many piezometers and domestic wells, located along course of the river, with special regard to areas of lignite mines settings. Results obtained from monitoring measurements are exchanged and agreed with German side. Hydrology and hydrogeology experts analyse in detail trends of changes and current hydrological situation in the river basin, also precise the range of tasks and analysis necessary to further common water resources management within Nysa Łużycka basin.

Słowa kluczowe

kopalnie odkrywkowe węgla brunatnego, monitoring zasobów wodnych, lignite open pits, water resources monitoring

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